Xinhua full media + | The system planning, overall deployment – on the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
Xinhua News Agency, October 24th: The system planning, overall deployment of the central level – on the "Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on the complete and accurate and comprehensive implementation of the concept of carbon Darum carbon, the head of the" Note "visited the head of the National Development and Reform Commission Xinhua News Agency reporter Anzhen, Xie Xi Yao "The CPC Central Committee on the Complete and Comprehensive Implementation of New Development Ideas to Do a Good Job of Carbon Damuk Carbon Central and Work 24.
What important deployments are made to promote carbon-backed carbon in carbon-up carbon? The reporter interviewed the head of the National Development and Reform Commission. Urgently need top design asking: What is the background of the advice? A: On September 22, 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping announced that China’s carbon dioxide emissions have achieved peaks in 2030, and strive to achieve carbon in 2060 years ago.
Realizing carbon-up peaks, carbon neutralization, is a major strategic decision made by Comrade Xi Jinping as the core of the Central Committee, and is related to the sustainable development of the Chinese nation and construct the human fate community.
Realizing carbon-up peaks, carbon is a broad and profound economic social system change, facing unprecedented difficult challenges. At present, my country’s economic structure is not unreasonable, industrialization, and new urbanization are also in depth, economic development and people’s livelihood improvement tasks are also heavy, and energy consumption will remain rigid. Compared with developed countries, my country is tightened from carbon peaks to carbon.
Do a good job in carbon up to carbon and work, urgently needs to strengthen the top design.
In the central level, it is issued, and the system planning and overall deployment of carbon-up carbon and this major work is further confirmed, and the overall requirements, the major objectives, deployment of major measures, and clear the implementation path, and will understand the general party. Givergentless all-party power to complete carbon-up carbon and this arduous task is of great significance.
Ask the development stage and the actual goal of the national situation: What is the main goal proposed by the opinion? A: The opinion proposes to build a green low-carbon cycle development economic system, enhance energy utilization efficiency, improve the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption, reduce the cost of carbon dioxide emissions, and improve the carbon discharge capacity of ecosystems.
By 2025, the initial formation of low-carbon green economy development cycle, significantly increasing the efficiency of energy use in key industries.
Energy consumption per unit of GDP lower than 2020%; carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP down 18% compared with 2020; the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption to around 20%; forest coverage rate reached%, forest stock volume reached 18 billion cubic meters meters, the peak for the realization of carbon, carbon-neutral and lay a solid foundation. By 2030, the overall economic and social development of the green transformation achieved significant results, key energy-consuming industries energy efficiency reached the international advanced level.
Energy consumption per unit of GDP dropped significantly; carbon dioxide emissions per unit of gross domestic product fell more than 65% over 2005; the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption to around 25%, wind power, solar power capacity of more than 1.2 billion kilowatts; forest cover rate of about 25%, forest stock volume reached 190 billion cubic meters of carbon dioxide emissions to peak and achieve flat to down.
By 2060, the development of green low-carbon recycling economy and clean safe and efficient low-carbon energy system fully established, energy efficiency reached the international advanced level, the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption more than 80%, carbon neutral target smoothly, ecology civilization fruitful, harmonious coexistence between man and nature to create a new realm. This series of goals, based on our actual national conditions and stage of development, my country will mark the completion of the world’s largest decline in carbon intensity, carbon and carbon emissions from the peak achieved in the shortest time in history, reflecting greater ambition efforts, need to pay arduous efforts.
10 aspects of 31 key tasks clear roadmap, construction Q: What are the main tasks and major initiatives comments made? A: achieve peak carbon, carbon neutral is a multi-dimensional, three-dimensional, systems engineering, involving all aspects of social economic development.
Opinions adhere to the system concept, put forward 10 aspects of 31 key tasks, a clear road map for carbon and carbon peak work, construction drawings. First, to promote comprehensive green economy and social development, and strengthen the green low-carbon development plan to lead, to optimize regional distribution of green low-carbon development, accelerate the formation of green production and lifestyle.
Second, the depth of the adjustment of industrial structure, accelerate agriculture, industry, services, green low-carbon transition, and resolutely curb high energy consumption and high emissions of blind development projects, to develop green low-carbon industries.
Third, accelerate the construction of clean safe and efficient low-carbon energy system, strengthen energy consumption intensity and amount of dual control, significantly increasing energy efficiency, strict control of fossil energy consumption, the positive development of non-fossil energy, energy deepen the reform of institutional mechanisms. Fourth, accelerate the construction of low-carbon transportation system, optimize the transport structure, promote energy-saving low-carbon vehicles, and actively guide low-carbon travel.
Fifth, to enhance the quality of urban and rural construction of low-carbon green development, promote urban construction and management of low-carbon transformation, and vigorously develop energy-saving low-carbon buildings, building energy optimization to speed up construction. Sixth, strengthen the green low-carbon major scientific and technological research and application, strengthening basic research and cutting-edge technology layout, speed up the application of advanced technology research and development and promotion.
Seven is continuing to consolidate and promote carbon sink capacity, consolidate ecosystem carbon sink capacity, enhance ecosystem carbon sinks increments. Eight is to raise the level of opening up the green low-carbon development, accelerate the establishment of green trading system, promote green "along the way", and strengthening international exchanges and cooperation.
Nine is the perfect laws and regulations and standards and statistical monitoring system, improve the standard measurement system, improve the statistical monitoring capability.
Ten is the perfect investment, finance, taxation and price policy system to promote carbon emissions trading, with the construction of market-based mechanisms such as energy trading.
Asked to play a commanding role in the "1 + N" policy system: What advice and "1 + N" system policy orientation and the role of carbon in the carbon peak? A: In May this year, the central level established carbon and the peak of carbon in the leading group, as a guide and do a good job overall coordinating body of procedure carbon peak in carbon and work. The leading group office of the National Development and Reform Commission.
According to the unified deployment is accelerating the establishment of "1 + N" system of policy, legislation and good work in carbon-carbon peak "four beams eight columns." Issued by the CPC Central Committee and State Council, as "1", is a long-term pipe mains, play a role in commanding the peak of carbon in the carbon and "1 + N" policy system; together with the views of the Action Program to peak by 2030 carbon constituting through a carbon peak, carbon and two top-level design stage. "N" is including energy, industry, transport, urban and rural construction sub-sector carbon peak areas decile embodiments, as well as scientific and technological support, energy security, carbon sinks, fiscal and financial policy price, the standard measurement system, inspectors assessment and other security programs . A series of documents to build targeted, rational division of labor and effective measures, convergence ordered carbon peak carbon neutral policy system. Ensure that the carbon peak in carbon and achieve positive results Q: How to implement the advice? A: achieve peak carbon, carbon neutral is a tough battle, but also the party of governance capability of a final exam.
The next step will fully implement the views of the deployment, ensure that the carbon peak in carbon and achieve positive results.
First, accelerate the establishment of carbon in the carbon peak and policy system. Local guide the scientific development of the carbon peak embodiment, encourage all parties to co-ordinate in order to do carbon-carbon peak and work.
Second is to strengthen coordination and oversight assessment.
National Development and Reform Commission will earnestly fulfill carbon and carbon peak Leading Group Office of responsibilities, time tracking, scheduling a regular basis the progress in various fields of work in each area, inspectors do the assessment work of the implementation of the objectives and tasks.
The third is to organize the peak of carbon in carbon and first demonstration. Support qualified local and key industries and key enterprises to actively explore the formation of a group can be copied, can promote effective models provide useful experience for the timely realization of the national goals and the level of carbon in the carbon peak.